Picture : Apple
After much speculation, Apple has finally unveiled its own chips-based ARM (SoC) system, which will form the basis for the next generation of Mac products: M1.
According to Apple, the SoC M1 (8 cores, 5 nm) not only has the world’s best processor per watt power, but also the world’s fastest integrated graphics. The chip is expected to perform twice as well as a traditional mobile CPU at 25% of power, while the GPU can reach a throughput of 2.6 Teraflops.
The new MacBook Air ($999), 13-inch MacBook Pro ($1299), and Mac mini ($699) are the first products to feature the SoC M1. Users can expect up to 3.5 times higher CPU performance, up to 6 times higher GPU performance, up to 15 times higher computer learning performance, and up to 2 times longer battery life.
Original press release
Apple today announced the M1, the most powerful chip the company has ever made and the first chip designed specifically for the Mac. M1 is optimized for Mac systems where small scale and energy efficiency are essential. As a System-on-Chip (SoC), the M1 integrates many powerful technologies into a single chip and features a unified memory architecture to dramatically improve performance and efficiency. The M1 is the first personal computer chip built with the latest 5-nanometer technology and contains an amazing 16 billion transistors – the largest chip ever installed by Apple. It features the world’s fastest low-power silicon processor core, the world’s best processor per watt, the world’s fastest integrated graphics card in a personal computer, and breakthrough machine learning performance with Apple’s neural motor. As a result, the M1 offers up to 3.5 times faster CPU performance, up to 6 times faster GPU performance, and up to 15 times faster learning curve, with up to twice the battery life of the previous-generation Mac. With significant improvements in performance and efficiency, the M1 makes the biggest leap for the Mac.
There’s never been a chip like the M1, our revolutionary SoC for Mac. It builds on more than a decade of experience in developing advanced chips for the iPhone, iPad and Apple Watch and ushers in a whole new era for the Mac, said Johny Srouji, Apple’s senior vice president of hardware technology. When it comes to low-power silicon, the M1 has the world’s fastest processor core, the world’s fastest embedded graphics on a personal computer, and the impressive power of Apple’s neural motor for machine learning. With its unique combination of outstanding performance, powerful features and incredible efficiency, the M1 is by far the best chip we’ve ever made.
First system-on-chip for Mac
Mac and PC computers traditionally use multiple chips for CPU, I/O, security, etc. The M1 now combines these technologies into a single SoC, creating a whole new level of integration for increased productivity and energy efficiency. The M1 also features a unified memory architecture that combines high-speed memory with low latency in a single pool within a set of users. This allows all SoC technologies to access the same data without having to copy between multiple repositories, further improving performance and efficiency.
The best processor performance in the world per watt
The M1 is equipped with an 8-core processor consisting of four powerful cores. Each of the high-performance cores delivers top performance for single-stream applications while working as efficiently as possible. They are the world’s fastest low-power silicon processor cores, allowing photographers to edit high-resolution photos at breakneck speed and developers to create applications nearly three times faster than ever before. And all four can be used together for a huge increase in multithreading performance.
Four high-quality cores provide excellent performance at one tenth of the power. These four cores alone offer performance comparable to the current generation of dual-core MacBook Air, while consuming significantly less power. They’re the most efficient way to perform light daily tasks, such as checking email or surfing the web, and keep your battery charged like never before. And all eight cores can work together to deliver incredible processing power for the most demanding tasks and the world’s best processor per watt of power.
The fastest integrated map in the world
M1 contains Apple’s most advanced GPU. He has years of experience professionally analyzing Mac applications, including everyday applications and complex workloads. With its class-leading performance and incredible efficiency, the M1 GPU is in a class of its own. With eight powerful cores capable of handling nearly 25,000 streams simultaneously, the GPU can perform highly complex tasks with ease – from smooth playback of multiple 4K video streams to rendering complex 3D scenes. With a bandwidth of 2.6 Teraflops, the M1 has the world’s fastest integrated graphics card in a PC.
Quick training on the fastening machine
The M1 chip transfers Apple’s neural engine to your Mac, greatly accelerating machine learning (ML). Thanks to Apple’s advanced 16-core architecture, which can perform 11 trillion operations per second, the M1’s neural motor delivers up to 15 times the performance of machine learning. In fact, the entire M1 chip, with ML accelerators in the CPU and a powerful graphics processor, is designed for successful machine learning, so tasks like video analysis, speech recognition, and image processing reach levels of performance never before achieved on a Mac.
Other innovative technologies included in M1
In particular, the M1 chip is equipped with several powerful technologies for the user:
The latest image processor from Apple (ISP), which offers better video quality with improved noise reduction, increased dynamic range and improved auto white balance.
The latest Secure Enclave for world-class security.
High quality storage controller with AES encryption hardware for faster and safer SSD operation.
Powerful, low-power multimedia encoding and decoding engines for high performance and long
battery life Apple’s Thunderbolt controller with USB 4 support, transfer speeds up to 40 Gbps and compatibility with more devices than ever before.
macOS Big Sur Optimized for M1
With Big Sur and M1, Mac users can run more applications than ever before. All Apple software for the Mac is now universal and runs on M1 systems. Existing Mac apps that have not been upgraded to Universal work with Apple’s Rosetta 2 technology. And now you can launch iPhone and iPad apps right on your Mac. In addition, the basis of Big Sur has been optimized to unleash the performance of M1, including development technologies ranging from metal for graphic applications to Core ML for machine learning.
Starting a two-year transition for the Mac
M1 includes the new MacBook Air, 13-inch MacBook Pro, and Mac mini. They join the rest of the Mac product line and form the strongest Mac product line. This is the beginning of the transition to a new family of chips designed specifically for the Mac. Apple’s switch to silicon will take about two years, and these three systems are an amazing first step.